Types of Brooders depend on the heat source e.g.
• Charcoal burner
• Kerosene lamps
• One paraffin lamp is enough for about 50 chicks
• One charcoal jiko is enough for up to 500 chicks
• Floor space should be 25 chicks per square meter.
• Note: A hover or cover should be provided about the brooder, to reduce heat wastage. A polythene paper can do the same job, but care should be taken to allow free airflow in and out of the brooder.
• Temperature above the floor should be kept at 95° F for the first 2 weeks, then lowered by 5° F for each week up to the 8th week.
• Where thermometers are not available, especially in the rural areas, it is good to observe the reaction of chicks to the heat as follows:
1. If the chicks are running away from heat source, then temperature in the brooder is very high.
2. If there is crowding at the heat source, then the brooder is too cold.
3. When chicks are evenly distributed in a brooder, the temperature is proper.
Brooding Other Conditions.
• Fresh air and light should be allowed in the brooder but no drift should sweep the floor.
• The litter in the brooder should not at any time be wet or damp.
• Brooders should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected 1 to 2 weeks before bringing in new chicks.
• Farmers should be aware of the danger of the brooder catching fire. Necessary precautions must be taken particularly when using charcoal or wood.