Egg Production and Collection

Egg Production and Collection.

Egg Production.

Production per bird

Production per bird is very variable. It depends on the quality of birds and the level of management.  However, production of 240 to 280 eggs per lay period is good performance.  Under poor management, birds can produce as low as 180 eggs per bird, per lay period. A lay period is normally 1-year.

Handling Eggs.
1.Eggs collection.

Gather eggs early and often. If you can manage it, collecting eggs 2 to 3 times a day can help keep them really clean, and also discourages egg eating.Separate broken eggs, tinted and those with blood spots from whole eggs.

Egg collection using plastic containers.

2.Cleaning the Eggs.

Learning how to clean eggs properly is key to keeping your family - and your customers, if you're selling eggs - from getting sick. Make sure if you're selling eggs that you check with your County Extension Office for the local and/or state regulations governing the cleaning of eggs for sale where you live.

i.Dry cleaning.

If possible, dry clean your eggs. This means using something abrasive to rub off any dirt or poop until the egg is clean. This method preserves most of the bloom intact. Use a sanding sponge, loofah, sandpaper, or abrasive sponge of some kind to dry clean your eggs. Be sure to sanitize the sanding sponge, or whatever you're using to clean the eggs, occasionally.

ii.Wet cleaning.

If your eggs are just too gross to dry clean (they sometimes get egg yolk from a broken egg on them, and once dried, this is impossible to remove dry), you can use water to clean them. Make sure to use water that is warmer than the egg temperature - medium warmth, not hot, but not tepid, either.

Do not immerse the eggs in water or let them stand in water. Wash the eggs under running water from the faucet. Another method is to spray the eggs in washer flats or wire baskets with warm water, let them sit, then wipe them with a dry paper towel one at a time. Place cleaned eggs into another basket or flat.

Follow this with a sanitizing spray, using bleach diluted in water for the spray mixture. Then allow the eggs to dry on a rack or in a basket or washer flat.

3.Storing Eggs.

Once your eggs are clean and dry, package them in egg cartons and label with the date they were collected. Store them in a cool dry place.  You don't have to store eggs in the refrigerator, but they will last longer this way.Place eggs with the broad end up in the egg tray.Use the float test to check egg freshness: fill a bowl with water and place eggs in it. An egg that floats has too big an air pocket inside the shell; the contents have evaporated too much and it's likely spoiled. Compost it. You can also use a strong light to see how much air space is inside an egg; this is called Candling.

Eggs packed in Trays.

Flock disposal or Culling.

Flock disposal for all birds is done at the end of the lay period. All birds are also disposed after they have proved uneconomical to keep. In most cases laying birds are kept for 1 year before they are disposed. Therefore, it is important to assess the economics of continued production. In any case, individual birds are culled or disposed off if; they are not laying, have a problem, or are sick.

Flock Planning.

For proper utilization of facilities and market, the birds should be stocked in such a way that there are flocks at 8 weeks; 22 weeks; 44 weeks; and 66 weeks.  This plan allows for continuous supply of eggs to the market by the farmer.


Every poultry farmer should keep management records such as: -

  • Source (The hatchery chicks were bought from),
  • Feed types, source and prices.
  • Feed consumption rate.
  • Growth performance.
  • Egg production per day, per month, per laying period.
  • Diseases occurrences.
  • Egg Sales.